Skip to main content

Using Tech to Engage Patients in Advance Care Planning

Advance care planning is a process; a seemingly hard to do, hard to document process that we just aren’t very good at doing. No wonder, as to do it right involves multiple different steps like choosing a surrogate decision maker, identifying what is most important in life, and communicating these wishes to loved ones and other clinicians. Making it harder is the finding from Terri Fried and others that older individuals are in different phases of readiness to engage in these different aspects of advance care planning.

So how do we get individuals to engage in the advance care planning process? A new and potentially game changing way is to use technology to move individuals along the different stages of behavior change (i.e. from pre-contemplation to higher stages such as contemplation, preparation, and action) for each component of advance care planning. A new publication in the Journal of Pain and Symptom Management suggests that the PREPARE website, designed by Dr. Rebecca Sudore and colleagues, can help patients engage in the process of advance care planning.

To learn more about the website, check out our previous post here.  In a nutshell, the website uses a videos and a step-by-steps process to guide patients and their family members through the process of advance care planning, focusing on five important steps:
  1. Choosing a medical decision maker and ask them to serve in that role
  2. Deciding what matters most in life and for medical care 
  3. Deciding on leeway for the surrogate decision maker (i.e., permission to modify the patient’s previous decisions based on new clinical information and what is in the patient’s best interest at that current moment)
  4. Communicating wishes with surrogates, clinicians, and other family and friends
  5. Asking doctors the right questions to make informed medical decisions

What They Did in This Study

This pilot study assessed an individual’s behavior change for multiple steps of the advance care planning process after viewing the PREPARE website. This assessment involved using newly validated surveys that measure behavior change constructs such as knowledge, self-efficacy, and readiness to engage in multiple advance care planning behaviors. The authors also assessed whether an advance care planning behavior was completed and whether participants progressed along the behavior change pathway (i.e., pre-contemplation to higher stages such as  contemplation, preparation, action, and maintenance).

Results of the Pilot Study

The authors recruited 43 ethnically and culturally diverse older adults from low-income senior centers in San Francisco. Importantly, over one-third of these participants had limited health literacy and over 90% had never used a computer before.

Comparing results from baseline to one week later, PREPARE was able to:
  • Improve behavior change process scores for all advance care planning behaviors. 
  • Move people along the behavior change pathway from pre-contemplation (never thought about it) to higher stages of behavior change such as contemplation, preparation, and action.
  • Even among this older population, of which many had limited health and computer literacy, PREPARE was rated easy to use

Take Home Point

We are still awaiting the results of much bigger and ongoing randomized trials of the PREPARE website.  However, these results suggests that incorporating tech like the PREPARE website can improve advance care planning by getting older adults engaged in the process.


by: Eric Widera (@ewidera)



Comments

Penn State bioethicist, Michael Green showed power of electronic decision-aid, but in my opinion didn't sufficiently frame/provide what to think about/ask about toward possible repercussions. Which is what I'm working toward via BestEndings mobile app (in prototype - so open to constructive criticism :-) Love Dr Sudore's work.
http://www.bestendings.com/app/desktop/

Popular posts from this blog

Lost in Translation: Google’s Translation of Palliative Care to ‘Do-Nothing Care’

by: Cynthia X. Pan, MD, FACP, AGSF (@Cxpan5X)

My colleagues often ask me: “Why are Chinese patients so resistant to hospice and palliative care?” “Why are they so unrealistic?” “Don’t they understand that death is part of life?” “Is it true that with Chinese patients you cannot discuss advance directives?”

As a Chinese speaking geriatrician and palliative care physician practicing in Flushing, NY, I have cared for countless Chinese patients with serious illnesses or at end of life.  Invariably, when Chinese patients or families see me, they ask me if I speak Chinese. When I reply “I do” in Mandarin, the relief and instant trust I see on their faces make my day meaningful and worthwhile.

At my hospital, the patient population is about 30% Asian, with the majority of these being Chinese. Most of these patients require language interpretation.  It becomes an interesting challenge and opportunity, as we often need to discuss advance directives, goals of care, and end of life care options…

Elderhood: Podcast with Louise Aronson

In this week's podcast we talk with Louise Aronson MD, MFA, Professor of Geriatrics at UCSF about her new book Elderhood, available for purchase now for delivery on the release date June 11th.

We are one of the first to interview Louise, as she has interviews scheduled with other lesser media outlets to follow (CBS This Morning and Fresh Air with Terry...somebody).

This book is tremendously rich, covering a history of aging/geriatrics, Louise's own journey as a geriatrician facing burnout, aging and death of family of Louise's members, insightful stories of patients, and more.

We focus therefore on the 3 main things we think our listeners and readers will be interested in.

First - why the word "Elder" and "Elderhood" when JAGS/AGS and others recently decided that the preferred terminology was "older adult"?

Second - Robert Butler coined the term ageism in 1969 - where do we see ageism in contemporary writing/thinking?  We focus on Louise's…

Psychedelics: Podcast with Ira Byock

In this week's podcast, we talk with Dr. Ira Byock, a leading palliative care physician, author, and public advocate for improving care through the end of life.

Ira Byock wrote a provocative and compelling paper in the Journal of Pain and Symptom Management titled, "Taking Psychedelics Seriously."

In this podcast we challenge Ira Byock about the use of psychedelics for patients with serious and life-limiting illness.   Guest host Josh Biddle (UCSF Palliative care fellow) asks, "Should clinicians who prescribe psychedelics try them first to understand what their patient's are going through?" The answer is "yes" -- read or listen on for more!

While you're reading, I'll just go over and lick this toad.

-@AlexSmithMD





You can also find us on Youtube!



Listen to GeriPal Podcasts on:
iTunes Google Play MusicSoundcloudStitcher
Transcript
Eric: Welcome to the GeriPal Podcast. This is Eric Widera.

Alex: This is Alex Smith.

Eric: Alex, I spy someone in our …